Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms
and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts. Biotechnology also utilizes
these products for manufacturing purpose. Modern use of similar terms includes genetic engineering as well as cell- and tissue
culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide range of procedures (and history) for modifying living organisms according
to human purposes — going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of plants, and "improvements" to these through breeding
programs that employ artificial selection and hybridization. The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity defines biotechnology as:
"Any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products
or processes for specific use."