Physics (from Ancient Greek:"nature") is a natural science that involves
the study of matter and its motion through space and time, along with related concepts
such as energy and force. More broadly, it is the general analysis of nature,
conducted in order to understand how the universe behaves.
Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines, perhaps the oldest through its inclusion
of astronomy. Over the last two millennia, physics was a part of natural philosophy
along with chemistry, certain branches of mathematics, and biology, but during the Scientific
Revolution in the 17th century, the natural sciences emerged as unique research
programs in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research,
such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined.
New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms of other sciences,
while opening new avenues of research in areas such as mathematics and philosophy.