List of Equipments
The importance of biochemistry and Genetics and Plant Breeding is immense and indispensable in our daily life activities. It is used in agricultural disease diagnosis, manufacture of various agro-biological products, treatment of plant diseases, in nutrition, etc. The study of role biochemistry in agriculture helps one understand the actual agro-chemical concepts of agriculture.
A soil Science study lab is necessary to determine fertility or the expected growth potential of the soil which indicates nutrient deficiencies, potential toxicities from excessive fertility and inhibitions from the presence of non-essential trace minerals. The test is used to mimic the function of roots to assimilate minerals.
Deriving from various naturally-occurring microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi, microbial technologies can protect crops from pests and diseases and enhance plant productivity and fertility. They enable farmers to increase yield and productivity in a sustainable way and are expected to play a significant role in agriculture. The Entomology Lab plays an important role in studying climate change. It conducts research on how temperature affects insect life history, using this information to model and validate the distribution and abundance of several key pests and their natural enemies.
Horticulture crops perform a vital role in the Indian economy by generating employment, providing raw material to various food processing industries, and higher farm profitability due to higher production and export earnings from foreign exchange.
Through the application of soil, plant and environmental sciences to crop production, agronomists incorporate the wise use of natural resources and conservation practices to produce food, feed, fuel, fiber and pharmaceutical crops for a growing citizenry, while maintaining and improving the environment.
They are important in regulating climate and the chemical and biologic conditions of the soil and water. Photosynthetic plants are the source of the fossil fuels we are depleting today, and they provide the most readily harvested source of renewable energy for tomorrow.
By combining and analyzing the agriculture and information Technology findings together, it is possible to make a complete and efficient IT platform for agricultural sector. Farmers and IT professionals together could contribute to the development of user friendly systems which uses local languages. The positive attributes of the technology can be widely used in farming sector in the country.
There are 6 farms (Unit 1 to Unit 6) that equips IIAST students with the knowledge and skills that help them to manage agri-preneurship, to conduct research, work in agricultural fields, conduct field surveys and manage different areas of farming practices.
IFS is an interdependent, interrelated and often interlocking production systems based on few crops, animals and related subsidiary enterprises in such a way that maximize the utilization of nutrients, achieve profitable and sustained agricultural production of each component and minimize the negative effect of these enterprises on environment. The IFS models discussed below have proven to be highly successful in their specific locations and thus, may provide ways and means to support farmers to cope up the issues of productivity, profitability, sustainability and environment concerns.
The main mandates of Mushrooms unit is to coordinate and monitor trials with improved mushroom varieties, cultivation practices related to crop production, crop protection measures and postharvest technology aimed at increasing production, productivity and utilization of mushroom in the country.
Most of the farmers are burning their farm and Threshing yard waste and Home waste. In Vermicomposting Process the potentiality of microorganisms and earthworms is collectively exploited to obtain nutrient rich Compost. It enables the farmer to produce nutrient rich compost from the available farm waste and thereby to improve soil fertility.
The NADEP method of organic composting uses a wide range of organic materials such as crop residues, weeds, forest litter and kitchen waste with an end-product of a fertilizer that serves as a good alternative to farmyard manure.
Azolla is a free-floating, rapidly growing aquatic fern on the water surface. Azolla cultivation helps the farmer to reduce the cost of Livestock Feed supplements and it is useful to feed supplements for livestock, poultry, and fish. It floats like a small, flat, compact green mass.
It is a new kind of farming in which the plant’s growth and productivity are controlled by water and its nutrient levels in the water. In general, it is the farming without soil and growing crops on water. The objective of hydroponic farming is to cultivate vegetables with minimal use of soil and water.